Categories
champion Goodall

Jane Goodall became a champion for chimpanzees. It started with a 10-year-old’s dream.

Her mother was the only supporter of her desire to live among wild animals.

By Kris Coronado,

JGI/Fernando Turmo

Jane Goodall with LaVielle at the Tchimpounga Chimpanzee Rehabilitation Center in Congo Republic. Goodall, a world-famous champion of chimpanzees, began her career studying their behavior 60 years ago this month at Gombe Stream Game Reserve in what is now Tanzania.

Jane Goodall was a 10-year-old with a dream. A dream of diving headfirst into fictional tales such as “Tarzan of the Apes” to live with wild animals in Africa. “Everybody laughed,” Goodall, now 86, recalls.

Everyone, except Goodall’s mother, Vanne Morris-Goodall.

“Mom said, ‘If you really want something like this, you’re going to have to work really hard. Take advantage of every opportunity. But if you don’t give up, you’ll probably find a way.’ ”

Just 16 years later, that starry-eyed British girl stepped onto the shores of the Gombe Stream Game Reserve in Tanganyika (now Tanzania). It was July 14, 1960. She had been sent by anthropologist Louis Leakey with a simple-sounding mission that was anything but: Watch chimpanzees in the wild.

“The problem was the chimps ran away as soon as they saw me,” Goodall says. “Nobody had studied them before.”

Hugo van Lawick

Goodall writes up her field notes in her early years at Gombe Stream Game Reserve. When she began her research in 1960, no one had studied chimpanzees in the wild.

Months of patience and persistence paid off when the chimpanzees slowly began to accept Goodall’s presence. One male adult in particular, whom Goodall called David Greybeard because of his silver facial whiskers, was the most tolerant.

It was by observing him that Goodall made her groundbreaking discovery that chimpanzees make and use tools. This is an ability scientists at the time thought only people could do. She watched as he and a primate pal, Goliath, stripped leaves from twigs before pushing them into a dirt mound to probe for termites — a chimp snack — inside.

Goodall became an international sensation. A National Geographic article and documentary introduced Goodall and the Gombe chimpanzees to the world. Her many findings were fascinating (chimps eat meat and wage war), and the Gombe study is still the longest continuous research on wild chimpanzees.

As the 60th anniversary of her arrival in Gombe approaches, Goodall isn’t stopping to reflect. She’s charging ahead on a mission to save the world.

Family photo

Toddler Jane with her toy chimpanzee, Jubilee.

Until recently, Goodall traveled an average of 300 days a year, spreading a message of environmental activism and hope over decades. Her tireless efforts led her to be named a United Nations Messenger of Peace in 2002.

Her nonprofit, the Jane Goodall Institute, has offices around the world tackling issues including deforestation and providing sanctuary for rehabilitated chimpanzees.

She also launched the Roots & Shoots youth program in 1991 to encourage kids to start environmentally focused efforts in their communities. Projects have sprouted in 65 countries, ranging from a wildlife-appreciation carnival in Taipei, Taiwan, to an insect oasis in Munich, Germany.

The novel coronavirus pandemic has paused the group’s goal of planting 5 million trees this year, but there are other ways to think green while social distancing, Goodall says: “Can you persuade your parents to buy things without palm oil [which is linked to the deforestation of rainforests]? Can you persuade your parents to buy organic?”

She’s doing her part, too, while isolating at home in Bournemouth, England. (“I haven’t been busier in all my life.”) Her days are now packed with interviews, Zoom video meetings and book readings.

Goodall is tired but determined, wondering if the pandemic will help people see our planet differently.

“Hopefully, enough millions of people from the big cities will for the first time have the joy of breathing clean air and seeing the stars in the night sky,” she says, “and they won’t want to go back to the old polluted ways.”

It’s also a time to embrace the natural world whenever possible.

“See what you can see,” Goodall says. “When I was young, there was no TV. So I watched and I learned how these little jumping spiders carried their babies on their backs, and it was absolutely fascinating to see.”

Michael Neugebauer

Goodall, with chimpanzee Freud in Tanzania, has spent the pandemic at her home in Britain giving interviews and taking part in Zoom meetings about raising awareness for the environmental issues she champions.

JOIN JANE

●Find your local Roots & Shoots chapter or start your own at
Rootsandshoots.org.

●Listen to Goodall read her favorite children’s books at Storytime.janegoodall.org.

●The “Becoming Jane” exhibit at the National Geographic Museum is temporarily closed, but you can still take a virtual tour: bit.ly/3cALnNF.

More in KidsPost

Jane Goodall book reveals lifetime of discovery

Cuban zookeeper acts as “mother chimpanzee.”

Go on safari twice a day with live-stream from South Africa

Read More

Categories
champion Hanesbrands

Buy Hanesbrands As This Will Be A Champion Of Your Portfolio (NYSE:HBI)

Summary

For those of you who read my write-up (Buy Carrier Global As Potential Asset Sales Will Reduce Debt (NYSE:CARR)) on Carrier Global (CARR), I started the write-up with a very simple statement: Labels matter. Labels matter for Carrier Global as it is a Global HVAC company with exposure to Fire & Security and some compared Carrier Global to traditional HVAC companies; however, its true peer is Johnson Controls (JCI). The same statement, i.e. labels matter, applies to Hanesbrands Inc. (HBI) as well. You may think of Hanesbrands as an “underwear” company, but there is a hidden asset underneath the surface; that asset is Champion. Champion is the “crown jewel” of Hanesbrands as it not only is growing rapidly, but also generates operating profit margins higher than Hanesbrands’ overall operating profit margins. Moreover, there is a catalyst, a turnaround was underway in its innerwear segment prior to Corona. Buy Hanesbrands for the growth in Champion and the turnaround that’s emerging in its innerwear division.

Overview

I may be dating myself, but who doesn’t remember the Hanesbrands commercials with Michael Jordan as their spokesperson (Hanes michael jordan commercial) and (Hanes – Tagless (Michael Jordan commercial)). Back in the day, they introduced the term “bacon neck” and new product innovations such as “tag-less” underwear and t-shirts. A lot has changed since then and, a lot has changed within Hanesbrands when they were spun out of the former Sara Lee in September 2006. Through both inorganic and organic growth, Hanesbrands is a global player in the “innerwear” and “active wear” markets generating 36% of their revenue outside of the United States.

However, over the past five years, Hanesbrands’ stock price dropped close to 70%! Over that same timeframe, revenue grew 5%, adjusted Earnings Before Interest Taxes and Amortization (EBITA) grew 3%, Free Cash Flow grew 53% and pre-tax Returns on Invested Capital ((“ROIC”)) remained relatively steady around 23%. Obviously, one’s starting point is important since FY’16 EBITA and FCF growth moderated. Additionally, Hanesbrands’ “earnings power” has diminished since the Target (TGT) Exclusive brand (C9) is no longer distributed through Target creating headwinds of ~$400M in revenue and ~$100M in adjusted EBITA.

Sources: Company reports, TIKR & twg estimates

After adjusting for the discontinuation of C9 and DKNY, Hanesbrands is trading at 1.1X Revenue and 7.3X EBITDA and appears to be relatively inexpensive compared to the market especially considering its high Pre-tax ROIC.

Investors should BUY Hanesbrands since:

  • Champion is Hanesbrands’ hidden asset and the Champion brand is driving growth both domestically and internationally
  • A turnaround in Innerwear is occurring
  • Hanesbrands is cheap relative to its peer group

The Champion Brand

While there have been other write-ups highlighting that Hanesbrands is cheap and is a value stock, there are stocks that look to be cheap, but are value traps and I’ve written about them on Seeking Alpha such as DXC Technology (DXC) (DXC Technology: Statistically Cheap, But A Value Trap (NYSE:DXC)) and Garrett Motion (GTX) (Garrett Motion – A Value Investors’ Nightmare (NYSE:GTX)). Hanesbrands is a classic value stock as it is inexpensive and when one digs beneath the surface, a hidden asset reveals itself, Champion. Prior to the Corona virus enveloping the world in 2020, Champion (excluding the Target-exclusive C9 brand) grew revenue by ~$500M or 40% YoY.

Champion is the driver of Hanesbrands growth and profitability within Hanesbrands. as other large segments such as Innerwear are declining at a rate of 3% per year. While Champion’s Adjusted Operating Margin (%) is estimated and should be considered directionally correct, management has provided commentary regarding Champion’s profit margins and, also, Management’s disclosure of “rebasing” the financials to exclude the Target-exclusive C9 brand and DKNY Intimates from YoY comparisons in 2020. Based upon the disclosures from Management and commentary (below), I conservatively estimate that Champion earns 20% Adjusted Operating Margin (%) for Hannesbrands.

Champion is going to grow nicely again, and we’re seeing strong margin improvement that will more than offset the decline we’ve projected in C9.

Source: 3Q’19 Conference Call

Champion profitability improvement, as you mentioned, has continued and Activewear remixing. All of those are quite favorable to gross and will continue to be in the fourth quarter.

Source: 3Q’19 Conference Call

Activewear’s operating margin increased 120 basis points to 15.3%. The strong margin performance was driven by improved Champion profitability, favorable contribution from our remixing activity and pricing, partially offset by significantly higher levels of investments to support our growth initiatives.

Source: 2Q’19 Conference Call

A Turnaround In Innerwear is Emerging

Hanesbrands is priced inexpensively, but over the past 4 years, while revenue grew over $1B, the company’s adjusted EBITA only grew less than $40M. From the tables above, the Champion product line is driving the top line revenue growth and is offsetting the revenue declines in innerwear. Unfortunately, the top line growth of the company is not driving profit growth since Innerwear is declining at a rate of 3% per year and this line of business generates adjusted operating profit margin (%) in excess of 20%. In other words, the revenue declines in Innerwear are largely the driver for the company’s profit stagnation.

Prior to the shelter in place orders that occurred in the United States, Hannesbrand’s Innerwear revenue was “turning around” driven by new product innovations and YoY revenue performance improved by over 200 bps YoY.

Through mid-March US Innerwear revenue was down less than 1% over prior year, well ahead of our initial forecast as our turnaround initiatives were gaining momentum. During this period, point of sale at our Top 7 customers which is where we focused our new innovations or revitalization efforts increased 3% in both basics and intimates. And our market share improved meaningfully in basics bras and shapewear.

Source: 1Q’20 Conference Call

Sources: Company reports & twg estimates

Valuation

There are a handful of publicly traded companies that make Activewear and Innerwear and I believe that HanesBrands closest comps are VF Corp (VFC), Gildan Activewear (GIL) and PVH Corp. (PVH) which is also known as the Phillips Van Heusen company. In light of the turnaround occurring in Innerwear and, also, the fact that the market is not giving HanesBrands credit for the growth and profitability for Champion, I expect Hanesbrands to trade closer to 2X revenue or 13X EBITDA or up to $27 per share based upon those multiples. It should be appreciated that at $27 / share, HanesBrands would have a FCF Yield of 6% based upon its FY’19 financial adjusted for C9 and DKNY

Conclusion

There are many stocks that are cheap and many are cheap for a reason. In order to “unlock value” there needs to be a “hidden asset” and/or a “catalyst”. In the case of HanesBrands, there is both a “hidden asset” and a “catalyst”. Investors should buy HanesBrands as their Champion line of business is growing in excess of 30% excluding C9 and the catalyst for shares is the turnaround that is occurring in its Innerwear division.

If you liked what you read, please feel free to follow me and like this article.

Disclosure: I/we have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.

Read More

Categories
Amanda champion

UFC twin champion Amanda Nunes ponders retirement



By |


UFC twin champion Amanda Nunes already intends on sitting out the rest of 2020 after her latest triumph. Would possibly well presumably or no longer it be permanent?

Throughout an interview with Brazilian TV veil “Esporte Espetacular,” Nunes admitted that retirement is on her tips one week removed from her UFC 250 maintain over Felicia Spencer.

“Ah, I don’t know. I’ve performed all the pieces I wanted,” Nunes acknowledged, as translated by MMA Battling. “I’m successfully. I’m in a position to scuttle on with my life, presumably a (maintain) unique step, presumably get hang of unique talents, succor some women there … presumably be a coach, too.

“I’m in a moment that I’m in a position to retire, , and I’m in a moment that I’m in a position to fight. I’m unbiased. There’s nothing else to be completed comely now in the division. The Hall of Fame will come, for determined. My life going forward, if I produce terminate now, the UFC will give me every toughen I wish to proceed having my money and work.”

Nunes, who’s both females’s bantamweight and featherweight champion, dominated Spencer on June 6 to maintain her 145-pound by lopsided unanimous decision. With Nunes and wife Nina Ansaroff ready for his or her first child, Nunes acknowledged after the fight that she would likely no longer maintain one more fight this year.

Nunes, who owns victories over every UFC females’s bantamweight and featherweight champion in history, has all but cleaned out both divisions. Easiest extinct Invicta FC featherweight champ Megan Anderson could be regarded as latest pleasant contender; she’s on a two-fight winning hunch but has misplaced to both Spencer and Holly Holm, who both maintain misplaced to Nunes.

Nunes’ focus on of retirement comes on the heels of fellow extinct champ-champ Henry Cejudo calling it quits after his maintain closing month at UFC 249, and whereas the UFC is engaged in a public dispute over money with two of its biggest stars, Jon Jones and Jorge Masvidal.

UFC president Dana White fair as of late acknowledged that Nunes must be in the conversation to be regarded as the absolute most practical MMA fighter of all time, no topic gender.

, , Featured, Knowledge, UFC

Read More

Categories
champion dividend

Dividend Champion And Contender Highlights: Week Of May 24

Introduction

The Dividend Champions list is a monthly compilation of companies which have consistently increased their annual dividend payouts, and the latest edition may be found here. However, since this list is only produced once per month, the data in it can quickly get out of date. Furthermore, with over 800 companies on the list, the sheer amount of data can quickly become overwhelming. In this weekly series, I highlight recent and upcoming dividend related activity for companies holding Champion (25+ years) and Contender (10-24 years) status.

In the data presented below, Yield is forward annualized and Years reflects the up-to-date streak, including dividends declared since the last edition of the Dividend Champions list.

Dividend Changes

In the past week, the following companies on the Champion or Contender lists declared dividends which changed from their previous payouts.

Increases:

Company

Symbol

Ex-Div

Pay

Old Rate

New Rate

Increase

Yield

Years

American Tower Corp.

(AMT)

6/18

7/10

1.08

1.1

1.85%

1.81%

10

Chubb Limited

(CB)

6/18

7/10

0.75

0.78

4.00%

2.67%

27

Clorox Company

(CLX)

7/28

8/14

1.06

1.11

4.72%

2.24%

43

Flowers Foods

(FLO)

6/4

6/19

0.19

0.2

5.26%

3.49%

19

Medtronic plc

(MDT)

6/25

7/17

0.54

0.58

7.41%

2.45%

43

Northrop Grumman

(NOC)

5/29

6/17

1.32

1.45

9.85%

1.78%

17

Decreases:

Company

Symbol

Old Rate

New Rate

Decrease

Years

Foot Locker Inc.

(FL)

0.4

-100.00%

10

Haverty Furniture Companies Inc.

(HVT)

0.2

0.15

-25.00%

10

Haverty Furniture Companies Inc. A

(HVT.A)

0.19

0.14

-26.32%

10

National Bankshares

(NKSH)

0.72

0.67

-6.94%

20

Ross Stores Inc.

(ROST)

0.285

-100.00%

26

TJX Companies Inc.

(TJX)

0.23

-100.00%

23

Last Chance to Buy

These companies have ex-dividend dates approaching. The following tables indicate the last day you can buy these stocks in order to be eligible for the upcoming dividend. Tables are sorted alphabetically by symbol.

Monday, May 25

Markets closed in observance of Memorial Day

Tuesday, May 26 (Ex-Div 5/27)

Company

Symbol

Pay Date

Payout

Price

Yield

Years

Chemed Corp.

(CHE)

6/17

0.32

477.16

0.27%

11

Jack Henry & Associates

(JKHY)

6/12

0.43

186.92

0.92%

30

Maxim Integrated Products

(MXIM)

6/12

0.48

56.12

3.42%

18

Xylem Inc.

(XYL)

6/25

0.26

62.22

1.67%

10

Wednesday, May 27 (Ex-Div 5/28)

Company

Symbol

Pay Date

Payout

Price

Yield

Years

Analog Devices Inc.

(ADI)

6/9

0.62

111.06

2.23%

18

Allstate Corp.

(ALL)

7/1

0.54

94.82

2.28%

10

Avista Corp.

(AVA)

6/15

0.405

38.07

4.26%

18

Brookfield Renewable Partners LP

(BEP)

6/30

0.5425

48.5

4.47%

11

Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP

(BIP)

6/30

0.485

39.21

4.95%

13

Badger Meter Inc.

(BMI)

6/12

0.17

61.1

1.11%

27

Cboe Global Markets Inc.

(CBOE)

6/15

0.36

99.31

1.45%

10

Cullen/Frost Bankers

(CFR)

6/15

0.71

68.55

4.14%

26

CSX Corp.

(CSX)

6/15

0.26

68.53

1.52%

16

Dover Corp.

(DOV)

6/15

0.49

89.77

2.18%

64

Evercore Inc.

(EVR)

6/12

0.58

52.61

4.41%

13

FactSet Research Systems Inc.

(FDS)

6/18

0.77

289.34

1.06%

22

Corning Inc.

(GLW)

6/30

0.22

21.38

4.12%

10

Hubbell Inc.

(HUBB)

6/15

0.91

116.86

3.11%

12

NACCO Industries

(NC)

6/15

0.1925

27

2.85%

35

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc.

(NUS)

6/10

0.375

35.48

4.23%

20

Perrigo Company plc

(PRGO)

6/16

0.225

54.28

1.66%

18

RLI Corp.

(RLI)

6/19

0.24

77.61

1.24%

45

Reliance Steel & Aluminum Co.

(RS)

6/12

0.625

91.46

2.73%

10

Stepan Company

(SCL)

6/15

0.275

95.6

1.15%

52

STAG Industrial Inc.

(STAG)

6/15

0.12

25.36

5.68%

10

Tennant Company

(TNC)

6/15

0.22

57.3

1.54%

48

Union Pacific

(UNP)

6/30

0.97

165.16

2.35%

13

Weyco Group Inc.

(WEYS)

6/30

0.24

18.69

5.14%

38

Thursday, May 28 (Ex-Div 5/29)

Company

Symbol

Pay Date

Payout

Price

Yield

Years

Ashland Global Holdings Inc.

(ASH)

6/15

0.275

63.48

1.73%

10

Emclaire Financial Corp.

(EMCF)

6/19

0.3

19.58

6.13%

10

Expeditors International

(EXPD)

6/15

0.52

72.06

1.44%

26

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc.

(HIG)

7/2

0.325

36.99

3.51%

10

Kellogg Company

(K)

6/15

0.57

62.09

3.67%

16

Lockheed Martin

(LMT)

6/26

2.4

369

2.60%

17

McDonald’s Corp.

(MCD)

6/15

1.25

184.41

2.71%

44

McKesson Corp.

(MCK)

7/1

0.41

149.42

1.10%

12

MGE Energy Inc.

(MGEE)

6/15

0.3525

65.63

2.15%

44

MidWestOne Financial Group Inc.

(MOFG)

6/15

0.22

17.89

4.92%

10

Nike Inc.

(NKE)

7/1

0.245

93.75

1.05%

18

Northrop Grumman

(NOC)

6/17

1.45

325.91

1.78%

17

Realty Income Corp.

(O)

6/15

0.233

52.15

5.36%

27

Principal Financial Group Inc.

(PFG)

6/26

0.56

36.93

6.07%

12

Silgan Holdings Inc.

(SLGN)

6/15

0.12

32.38

1.48%

17

Friday, May 29 (Ex-Div 6/1)

Company

Symbol

Pay Date

Payout

Price

Yield

Years

L3Harris Technologies Inc

(LHX)

6/16

0.85

180.45

1.88%

19

NextEra Energy Inc.

(NEE)

6/15

1.4

233.85

2.39%

26

Stanley Black & Decker

(SWK)

6/16

0.69

121.49

2.27%

52

Money on the Way

The following companies have dividend pay dates in the upcoming week (Tuesday through the following Monday). Check if you want your DRIPs to reinvest at these yields…or take the cash and go have a steak dinner!

Company

Symbol

Pay Date

Payout

Yield

AmerisourceBergen Corp.

(ABC)

6/1

0.42

1.8%

Aflac Inc.

(AFL)

6/1

0.28

3.2%

Applied Industrial Technologies Inc.

(AIT)

5/29

0.32

2.3%

Apartment Investment & Management Co.

(AIV)

5/29

0.41

4.6%

Allete Inc.

(ALE)

6/1

0.6175

4.6%

Ameriprise Financial Inc.

(AMP)

5/29

1.04

3.1%

American States Water

(AWR)

6/1

0.305

1.5%

Bunge Limited

(BG)

6/1

0.5

5.7%

Black Hills Corp.

(BKH)

6/1

0.535

3.6%

Church & Dwight

(CHD)

6/1

0.24

1.3%

CMS Energy Corp.

(CMS)

5/29

0.4075

2.9%

Carlisle Companies

(CSL)

6/1

0.5

1.7%

Enterprise Bancorp Inc.

(EBTC)

6/1

0.175

3.2%

Enbridge Inc.

(ENB)

6/1

0.81 CAD

7.3%

Eaton Corp. plc

(ETN)

5/29

0.73

3.7%

W.W. Grainger Inc.

(GWW)

6/1

1.44

2.0%

Heritage Financial Corp.

(HFWA)

5/27

0.2

4.5%

IDEX Corp.

(IEX)

5/29

0.5

1.3%

Kroger Company

(KR)

6/1

0.16

2.0%

Landstar System Inc.

(LSTR)

5/29

0.185

0.7%

MarketAxess Holdings Inc.

(MKTX)

5/27

0.6

0.5%

Middlesex Water Co.

(MSEX)

6/1

0.25625

1.6%

Oil-Dri Corp. of America

(ODC)

5/29

0.25

2.9%

Pool Corp.

(POOL)

5/29

0.58

1.0%

J.M. Smucker Co.

(SJM)

6/1

0.88

3.2%

SJW Group

(SJW)

6/1

0.32

2.1%

Southwest Gas Holdings

(SWX)

6/1

0.57

3.1%

Sensient Technologies Corp.

(SXT)

6/1

0.39

3.4%

Territorial Bancorp

(TBNK)

5/28

0.23

3.8%

WEC Energy Group Inc.

(WEC)

6/1

0.6325

2.9%

Walmart Inc.

(WMT)

6/1

0.54

1.7%

Williams-Sonoma Inc.

(WSM)

5/29

0.48

2.9%

Essential Utilities Inc.

(WTRG)

6/1

0.2343

2.3%

Conclusion

I hope you found this article useful. Please let me know if you have any ideas for improving the format or data included in this series.

Looking for more in depth analysis of high quality dividend stocks? Check out the Dividend Kings marketplace service!

Disclosure: I am/we are long MDT, O. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.

Read More

Categories
champion WALKER

T. rex Has Been a champion walker, super-efficient at lower speeds

IMAGE: Daspletosaurus (a cousin of T. rex) chasing a Spinops (a centrosaurine ceratopsian, in precisely the exact same household as Triceratops).
view longer

Credit: Julius Csotonyi, 2020

While smaller dinosaurs had speed, huge predators such as T. rex were optimized for energy-efficient walking, according to a study published May 13, 2020 from the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Alexander Dececchi of Mount Marty College, South Dakota and coworkers.

Theropod dinosaurs included the dominant bipedal predators of the Mesozoic Era, and plenty of research has explored the relationship between their locomotion and way of life. Much of the work has focused on conducting rates, but in this study, colleagues and Dececchi assert that speed may not be the most important factor for the largest theropods.

The writers gathered information on limb proportions, body mass, and gaits of more than 70 species of theropod dinosaurs. They implemented many different approaches to estimate each dinosaur’s best speed in addition to just how much energy they expended while moving around at greater relaxed walking speeds\. One of smaller to medium-sized species, longer limbs seem to be an adaptation for running, in line with previous results. But for the actual titans weighing 1000kg, the high running speed is restricted by body size, so longer limbs instead correlated with low-energy walking.

Running is important for hunters, however they typically invest a great deal more time roaming around in search of food. The authors suggest that while speed was a significant benefit for dinosaurs who needed to \and hunt prey escape predators, the largest theropods relied more whilst foraging on efficacy. One of giant theropods, the champions were tyrannosaurs like T. rex, whose long legs were seemingly well-adapted for decreased energy expenditure while prowling for prey.

The writers include:”Size matters. Smaller theropods were both hunter and the hunted, therefore their lives were lived at high speed. For giants like T. rex, a top predator with no natural enemies, life was a marathon not a sprint.”

###

Citation: Dececchi TA, Mloszewska AM, Holtz TR Jr, Habib MB, Larsson HCE (2020) The fast and the frugal: Divergent locomotory strategies induce limb lengthening in theropod dinosaurs. PLoS ONE 15(5 ) ): Cellular