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New research identifies the most important global supply chain linkages

In today’s global economy, production of goods depends on inputs from many trade partners around the world. Companies and governments need a deeper understanding of the global value chain to reduce costs, maintain a profitable production system, and anticipate ripple effects of disruptions in the supply chain.

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Research team identifies potential drug to treat SARS-CoV-2

A federally approved heart medication shows significant effectiveness in interfering with SARS-CoV-2 entry into the human cell host, according to a new study by a research team from Texas A&M University and The University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB).

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Study explains never-before-seen dual function in enzyme critical for cancer development

Considered the most lethal form of DNA damage, double-strand breaks must be repaired to prevent cell death. In developing therapies for hard-to-treat breast and ovarian cancers in patients with BRCA gene mutations, scientists aim to identify ways to keep cancer cells from using DNA break repair pathways. New findings demonstrate a previously-unknown capability for polymerase…

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CT identifies patients with high-risk nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)

According to ARRS’ American Journal of Roentgenology, Fibrosis-4 and multiple CT findings can identify patients with high-risk nonalcoholic fatty liver disease–advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis, that is–though the presence of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis remains elusive on CT.

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Study identifies European cities with highest mortality due to air pollution

A health impact study has for the first time estimated the mortality burden attributable to air pollution in more than 1,000 European cities. The study, published in The Lancet Planetary Health, includes a ranking of the European cities with the highest rates of mortality attributable to each of the two air pollutants studied: fine particulate…

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Study identifies genetic changes likely to have enabled SARS-CoV-2 to jump from bats to humans

A new study, involving the University of Cambridge and led by the Pirbright Institute, has identified key genetic changes in SARS-CoV-2—the virus that causes COVID-19—that may be responsible for the jump from bats to humans, and established which animals have cellular receptors that allow the virus to enter their cells most effectively.